雅思写作高分词汇与句型

2014-05-12 14:09:26 | 编辑:无 | 有4503人参与 | 来自:匿名

  如何获得雅思写作高分?用词和句型是非常重要的,如果整篇雅思写作的句型和用词运用太过简单,或者太过单一的话,是不可能获得雅思写作高分的,同学们在平时备考的过程中就要注意多积累不同的雅思写作句型,同时要灵活运用,这样才能在雅思写作考试中才有可能获得高分。

  雅思写作高分一,使用不同的词汇

  a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。

  important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,

  think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out, feel

  nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days

  b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。

  n. → v.

  Eg:When we look at a comparison between A and B…

  When we compareA and B…

  Adj. → n.

  There are a variety of solutions to the problem.

  There are various solutions to the problem.

  c. 使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。

  because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for

  but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas

  so → therefore, hence, thus, consequently

  d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。

  Eg: not as easy as…→ more difficult than…

  Not uncommon→ common

  The cheapest → the least expensive

雅思写作高分二,使用不同的句型

  a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。

  Eg: For many years, people have believed ….

  →People believed … for many years.

  After this program has been solved, … can continue.

  b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换

  Eg: Trained scientists performedthis research.

  →This research was performed by trained scientists.

  c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。

  Eg: Several computer programs can be used to solve this problem.

  →There are several computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.

  或 There are several computer programs used to solve this problem.

  d. 定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换

  Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologistsin 2004, shows that…

→Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  Eg: This…, which is one of the most powerful … in the world, has…

  →This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…

接下来,Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。

  a. According to+noun.

  Eg: According to the passage/lecture/author/professor,…

  b. Subject+verbs of reporting +that clause

  Eg: The author tells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/points out/thinks/believes that ...

  或 The speaker agrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view ...

  c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in the passage/lecture,...

  最后,Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。

  a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary

  b.Transitional words showing addition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well

  以上就是小编整理的雅思写作高分的用词和句型,在很多句子中都可以灵活的套用,同学们在备考雅思写作句型的过程中要学会避免重复使用某一个句型或者词汇,只有这样才可能获得雅思写作高分。小编预祝同学们在雅思考试中取得好的成绩。

 


   

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