从雅思阅读中学会写流程图

2014-10-24 15:25:22 | 编辑:无 | 有1514人参与 | 来自:匿名

近期雅思考试写作部分连续出现流程图,许多同学来问老师,“我不会写流程图怎么办?”、“对于流程图我只会写一种方法怎么办?”其实真正的写作答案就蕴含在他们做过雅思阅读中。下面环球教育·墨尔本分校的老师就雅思阅读中出现的具体例子,帮助同学们梳理一下雅思写作中流程图该如何写。

  以剑桥阅读5 Passage 2 Bakelite中的句子为例,我们来看下具体的句子的运用。 这篇文章的第五段中是这样描写的:

  The original patent outlined a three stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde (from wood or coal) were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle. The result was a resin known as Novalak, which became soluble and malleable when heated. The resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder. Other substances were then introduced:including fillers,such as woodflour,asbestos or cotton,which increase strength and moisture resistance, catalysts (substances to speed up the reaction between two chemicals without joining to either) and hexa, a compound of ammonia and formaldehyde which supplied the additional formaldehyde necessary to form a thermosetting resin. This resin was then left to cool and harden, and ground up a second time. The resulting granular powder was raw Bakelite, ready to be made into a vast range of manufactured objects. In the last stage, the heated Bakelite was poured into a hollow mould of the required shape and subjected to extreme heat and pressure, thereby ‘setting’ its form for life.

  精读这段文字,不难发现这其实就是一篇很好的制作过程流程图。第一句话总体概述了该图过程中的步骤数量;接下来利用逻辑连接词将步骤描述清楚。 这也给广大考生提供了一个很好的文章结构, 即总分结构。 再将其中描述顺序的单词标出之后,这也就成为了一个很好的流程图写作模板。那么,究竟该怎么运用它呢?我们以剑桥八中的水泥制作流程图为例.

  这张图具体描写了水泥的制作过程,如果在审完题后发现途中有很多单词是不认识的,如果是名词就将这些单词照抄,写成句子主语,如果是动词,那就写成被动语态。 接下来,我们直接将模板套入,就变成了以下这篇文章了。

  This diagram outlines a six stage process of cement production, in which limestone and clay are combined together. The compound of these two raw materials was crushed into powder, which would be used in the following procedures. Then the powder is allowed to go through a mixer and then it would go over rotating heater with heat underneath. The resulting powder is then going through Grinder. In the last stage, these substances would be packed into bags to be transported to the construction purpose.

  上述例子只是一个非常简单的例子来证明好的阅读材料往往给考生带来好处,但是其实雅思写作的关键并不于投机取巧靠运气,而更多的是平时的积累。希望广大考生不要永远依靠所谓的模板,而是做阅读,积累阅读中的单词,并将其运用到我们平时的写作中。


 


   

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